What Causes Large Pores and How You Can Minimise Them

If you have a desire to attain flawless and poreless complexion, you are not alone. Most women, and even men, strive for a smooth complexion that is free from noticeable pores. Pores are essentially small openings in the skin that release oils and sweat. They are also connected to hair follicles. It is also interesting to note that how noticeable or the lack thereof is related to one’s complexion. And although it is not possible to completely eradicate large pores, there are a number of ways you can diminish the appearance of uneven texture on the surface of your complexion. Read on to find out how you can achieve blemish-free skin.


Types of Pores

These openings play a more important role than we believe. Afterall, they are how oil and sweat are able to leave the body from the glands beneath the skin. But not all are the same. That is because the human body has two types, one for oil and the other for sweat. Understanding the difference between the two would help you paint a detailed picture of how you can avoid this pressing issue.


1. Oil Pores

Also recognised as hair follicles, these appear all over your body with the exception of the palm of your hands and the soles of your feet. They play an important role in allowing oil from the sebaceous glands to leave the body and lubricate the skin. This is what keeps your skin looking moisturised and supple all year round. However, when they are blocked, that is when trouble’s brewing. Typically, these are responsible for your large or blocked pores since they are known to grow vast enough till they can be easily observed by the naked eye.

2. Sweat Pores

On the other hand, these ones in particular can be found all over the body including your hands and feet (remember those sweaty hands and stinky feet?). They are what helps moves your sweat from the sudoriferous and eccrine glands to the skin to reduce your body temperature when you exercise or step outdoors. What you need to know is that these openings are extremely tiny, making it nearly impossible to see with the naked eye.


Large Pores: What Causes Them?

There are a number of factors that can lead to its substantial size. Some of these factors include acne, sun damage, non-comedogenic makeup, and when your body increases sebum production, leading to an oily complexion. Oil can also settle around the open spaces making them appear larger as the surrounding epidermis thickens. Here are the two main reasons why you encounter this pressing issue.

1. Makeup

You might think that makeup will hide all imperfections on the surface, but it could do the opposite when used improperly. When makeup on the face isn’t washed off properly, it could remain in and around the pores, causing uneven textures instead of hiding them.

2. Genetics and Age

Factors such as genetics and age can also increase the size of your pores. If your family members are prone to having large and obvious pores. It might be more than likely that you will experience them as well. But all is not lost if you are ‘blessed’ with this genetic trait; even though you have no control over them, you can still take steps to manage them and prevent them from growing larger. Similarly, when our skin ages, the various internal processes such as the cell renewal activity, sebaceous gland, elastin production and collagen level takes a dip. This would cause your skin to suffer and make your oversized pores bigger.


4 Types of Professional Treatments For Large Pores

Fortunately, there are a number of treatments that can diminish the overall appearance of large pores. The most effective treatments are typically performed by a licensed medical professional. Here are four of them that are most noteworthy:

  1. Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) Peels
  2. Hydrafacial
  3. Laser Toning
  4. IPL Photofacial

1. Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) Peels

It might not strike you as the first option you might think of, but there are many reasons why you should consider Alpha Hydroxy Acid peels. These acids, which derive from milk and sugar cane, have been found to help support the natural method of exfoliation. When these acids in very low concentrations come into contact, they strip away the uppermost layer of skin (epidermis) to loosen dead skin cells, better the appearance of your oversized pores and bless you with a youthful visage. These chemical peels would be a better form of exfoliation over the use of harsh scrubs that may cause irritation; you would have to thank the smaller molecular size in the glycolic acids that allow them to penetrate the skin easily.

2. Hydrafacial

The Hydrafacial treatment has been picking up in popularity as an option for the treatment of large pores. This gentle treatment cleanses and gets rid of whatever is clogging up the pores with water, making them shrink in size. Following which, the skin would then be treated to a serum filled with beneficial and hydrating substances that include antioxidants and peptides to help soothe and moisturise the skin. This would boost the appearance of your complexion.

3. Laser Toning

As a non-ablative resurfacing procedure, laser toning is a popular treatment for pore refinement. As opposed to the ablative laser variants, laser toning is a gentler alternative that has no downtime and has a low risk of complications for all types of complexion, making it effective for those with sensitive epidermis. Laser toning utilises the high powered beam of a Q-switched laser to sweep across the face repetitively to boost the texture and help reduce any uneven texture. Usually, the sessions last for around 10 to 20 minutes each session and in intervals of one to two weeks for best results.

4. Microneedling

Microneedling is typically used to address a range of skin issues. The procedure relies on little, sterile needles to perforate and penetrate the surface. The resulting trauma will then trigger the body’s natural healing process, prompting the deeper derma layer to rebuild. Some of the other issues that microneedling can solve are wrinkles, acne, stretch marks, and loose skin, in particular, those caused by rapid weight loss or liposuction. At the same time, this procedure also does wonders rejuvenation wise. Additionally, professionals would inject serums like topical tretinoin into the deeper layers during the microneedling procedure. Because the treatment increases the production of collagen, it would lead to a more youthful, firmer, and smoother complexion.


7 Care Tips for Post Pore Minimising Treatment

After your treatment, it is crucial that you take steps to ensure that all your time and money wasn’t all for naught. Fortunately, there are several things that you can do to make sure that your complexion remains smooth.

1. Wash Your Face Daily

Washing your face twice a day will go a long way to remove dirt, oil and other impurities that are clogging up your complexion. This will not only keep your complexion clean, but it will also unclog the apertures in your skin and prevent them from becoming enlarged in the future.

2. Wash Your Face with Warm Water

Make a change to your daily routine and start washing your face with warm water. Why warm water? Cool water does not effectively remove all the dirt from your face while hot water could potentially cause it to dry out and make it sensitive. The use of warm water will help flush out any oil and dirt on the surface. If you want to take your facial routine up a notch, try soaking a washcloth in hot water and place it over your face for about 30 seconds. This would help open up the pores, allowing your cleanser to eradicate all the gunk and dirt effectively.

3. Rinse with Cold Water After Cleansing Your Face

After washing your face with warm water, rinse your face with cold water to tighten your skin. Although the oversized apertures will not shrink when it makes contact with cold water, applying ice or cold water to your face for 15 seconds after cleansing your face will tighten your face and prevent them from clogging in the future.

4. Use Products with Charcoal and Clay

Look out for products that contain charcoal and clay. The natural properties in charcoal and clay help draw out impurities and dirt that would reduce any clogging or congestion at your pores. This would reduce the likelihood of developing troublesome issues in the future. Charcoal and clay masks in particular also help in drawing out bacteria.

5. Treat Pimples Immediately

It is vital that you treat pimples as soon as they appear. Your pimples can stretch out the skin, while causing inflammation to its surrounding. Thus, it is important to get rid of them as soon as possible so as to prevent further damage.

6. Exfoliating Your Skin is a Must

Make it a point to scrub once or twice a week. Apart from removing dead cells, this practice keeps the epidermis clean, clear and smooth. Products that contain salicylic acid will work exceptionally well to slough off the build-up of dead cells and impurities. Additionally, these kinds of products will go a long way to prevent future blackheads, breakouts, cystic blemishes and whiteheads.

7. Get Into the Habit of Using Toners and Moisturisers

Apart from tightening purposes, toners are effective at preventing large pores from being noticeable. In addition to using toners, applying a moisturiser after cleansing or washing your face will not only help with nourishing it, but also create a barrier against unwanted oils and impurities in the air or environment. So wait no more and add toners and moisturisers to your daily skincare regimen today.


5 Do’s and Don’ts When Encountering Large Pores

Besides post-treatment care, there are things that you should do or avoid when you have large pores. It is important that you take note of your skincare routine and steer clear of practices that might exacerbate your problems.

1. Avoid Harmful Skincare Products

Pay attention to the ingredients that are in your facial products since they could very easily cause harm to your delicate surface. In addition to avoiding harsh soaps, you should also avoid overly emollient products, such as thick and greasy creams. This is especially important if you have an oily complexion.

2. Avoid Harsh Scrubs

Harsh scrubs and cleansing brushes can do more harm than good for your complexion as they can affect the outer layer of your skin and make your condition look far worse. When you utilise harsh scrubs, go easy or you run the risk of turning your skin dry and flaky with your good intentions.

3. Use a Gentle Exfoliator

The use of a gentle exfoliator will help you keep your condition at bay. Prioritise the use of those that are non-abrasive and those that contain salicylic acid and beta hydroxy acid (BHA) to effectively remove those dead cells. If not, those cells have a high chance of turning into a nasty blackhead.

4. Remove Your Makeup Thoroughly

Taking off your makeup after a long night out would probably be the last thing on your mind when you get home. However, it is crucial that you remove all your makeup before going to bed. Since your epidermis mainly repairs itself while you are asleep, wiping off any and all makeup residue will go a long way in keeping your complexion smooth and radiant.

5. Use Water-Soluble Cleansers

Ensure that you are only using water-soluble cleansers that are gentle. At the same time, steer clear of products that have harsh ingredients that dry out your face. These types of products can increase sebum production and ultimately lead to a breakout.


The Bottom Line

Attaining a smooth complexion isn’t an impossible task, there are a number of treatments that you can consider undergoing to address your issues. Be sure to consult a knowledgeable specialist like the ones at Geo Aesthetics to gain a deeper insight into which treatment would best suit you.